domingo, 28 de outubro de 2012

Complexity and shadow archetype in after-postmodern – Part 2

The humankind always needed to deal with the shadow archetype.
The old traditions had and have several rituals to attenuate the strength of shadow over each person or over a community.
In the historical period of the Enlightment the thinkers supposed that with reason and knowledge someone could domain instincts and emotions. The Reason seemed to be superior to those two aspects of human life. But few time after the French Revolution the Terror took advantage over reason. Even the Revolution itself had some violent destruction of monuments expressing some rage from the shadow.
So, in XIX, XX and XXI centuries sometimes mankind lost control over the shadow…
Maybe some old rituals were good…
But mankind lost its linking to old and nurturing myths…
If we start to understand the shadow, to learn and study it, to exercise about it, maybe it is possible to achieve a new level of interaction among different cultures and different people.

sábado, 13 de outubro de 2012

Complexity and shadow archetype in after-postmodern

Carl Gustav Jung proposed the psychological concept of archetype as a kind of original form, pattern, as a “psychological gene” in the collective unconscious of each human being in common with all the humankind. In each culture the archetypes have some particularities concerning to that culture. 
Among those archetypes Jung named one as “the shadow”. To understand the shadow is interesting to know first the archetype of “the image”. The archetype of the image can be a individual, personal image or a collective image. It is so because when two or more people have certain level of coexistence they start to share psychological aspects and they have a collective conscience and a collective unconscious even still keeping the individual conscience and unconscious.
So, the different human groups have their images. The individual and the collective image are built with the “good things” that they have under the concepts of society. Aspects that are not good for the rules of society, not acceptable (not only under the law, but also under the traditions) remain concealed “in the shadow” of mind. We can extend this idea for repressions not only by culture, but also under repressive political conditions.
Any human community has image and shadow and it is difficult to find balance between them.
The constitution of the “modern nations” through nineteen and twenty centuries caused several transformations in culture, some under repression.
After the beginning of the fall of the “postmodern period”, after the fall of the Berlin Wall, in the nineties of the 20th century, collective shadows of repressed communities started to arise in several ways. 
In the After-postmodern, there are many “energies” emerging from several collective shadows and the mankind need to find the way to achieve a new balance between the images and the shadows, respecting the notions of complexity, in order to achieve world peace.