segunda-feira, 27 de fevereiro de 2017

After-postmodern intermezzo

The world is in a special transitional condition where everything is in a kind of a corner among several roads and people try to choose one of those ways, but they are stagnant, numb… 
That corner is a big corner, with many things that make difficult any decision. 
These things make a kind of maze.
The postmodern decided, pragmatic times are gone. It does not mean that it was better or worst. 
Maybe the “corner maze” is necessary for the after-postmodern…    

domingo, 18 de dezembro de 2016

Is there an exit from the “exits”?

     Nowadays the so fashioned globalization of de postmodern acme in the end of the 20th century is under the strength of the unavoidable pendulum of history. Potentially there are several “exits” from the pattern of that kind of globalization, although it is not sure that all of them are going to happen. But, anyway it is a sign that big changes are coming. 
     Several factors are causing this situation. One is that people are, in some way, losing their roots, the binding to their collective archetypes. If the politicians do not understand it, they will find harder times to deal with important issues. So, it is a question of “meaning”. After the World Wars there was meaning for sacrifice. What are the “new meanings”? 
     Another condition is the answer to the question that the communities ask? “Who and what” we are? That “globalization” brought business and technology to the human communities, but what about their deep values and the “subjective belongings”? 
     Another problem is “subjectivity” itself, and together with it, the “intersubjectivity”. Where are gone the cultural “intersubjectivity” of people. Could the “objectivity” of postmodernity supply the absence of subjectivity?
     Until the politicians understand those issues, the desires for “exits” can come again and again. At same time people have the feeling that they need to find an exit from the “exits”, in a kind of a “third way” under new paradigms.  

sábado, 12 de novembro de 2016

Post-globalization and after-postmodern

The incensed globalization of the end of the 20th century does not work anymore. And it is not by the movements against it, but by its own exhaustion…
The history has strange strengths and ways that surprises even scholars…
In the after-postmodern period the bridges are not the same, the fences are not the same, and the walls are not the same, even if they apparently are. In true, nobody can tell what is coming. We try to understand the present and future by the past, but this is not always possible. The pendulum of history can bring new paradigms different of the old ones.
It does not mean new wars, but maybe new ways to make peace.

sábado, 29 de outubro de 2016

Techno-optimism, techno-pessimism and after-postmodern times

     We can read at “The Economist” about optimism and pessimism surrounding the Technology of Information. The article cites more pessimists as Robert Gordon, for whom the strong industrial revolution was “the second”, with electricity, cars and planes, or Fredrick Erixon and Bjorn Weigel, authors of “The Inovation of Illusion”, that say about the capitalism growing old. All those arguments are reinforced by the weak productivity.
     The optimists say that the statistics are wrong and not getting the real numbers of internet business; they also say that the new revolution is just beginning.
     That controversy is another demonstration of the after-postmodern times: the pragmatism and certainty of post-modern era are not anymore present. New paradigms are coming, but we are not sure about what are them.
     Anyway, the cybernetic innovation brought a new level for democracy never seen before. We can see all around the world people of almost all economic condition getting information about anything.
   Maybe the new challenge is to end starvation together with giving information to everyone in the world.

domingo, 23 de outubro de 2016

Which globalization ? – part 2

     In the end of the 20th century most people were secure of a new order under the so called “globalization”. It was mainly an economic globalization, although others globalizations were on the way, as, for example, the internet, the media, etc.
     Now, that we are in after-postmodern times, maybe there are several “Brexits” coming to that cited order, not just for the E.U…
     But, probably, “new globalizations” are coming, but maybe with other names to characterize what kind of trade is going to be, including all the new connections among people and organizations.  

sábado, 10 de setembro de 2016

Which Globalization?

     Probably the first “Globalization” in History was that one by Alexander the Great, in fourth century B.C., when he spread the Hellenic Culture. After that, there were several others.
     So, the first Globalization is not that of the end of the 20th century, and is not the last… In that occasion, people used to think that the “glamourized Globalization” was the solution for everything. But, after 1999 several movements against it appeared.
     Fifteen years ago, Stiglitz wrote about “Globalization and its Discontents”, focusing on the growing opposition to globalization in developing countries. Recently he wrote in the “Project Syndicate” that this opposition spread to other groups of countries, even the developed ones. Through the article he explains this kind of thing by many arguments and citing other authors.
     Anyway, we can see that something is not working in matter of that kind of Globalization. At same time we can also see that internet is also a kind of globalization that is working and improving its functions in society. There are also other globalizations working, even in economy, but maybe not under the “Globalization” flag…
     Maybe the word Globalization must be replaced by another one, or it is not working anymore because we are living in an after-postmodern time, when we can make the questions: Which globalization we want? Which globalization we need? Which globalization is possible?

terça-feira, 28 de junho de 2016

Crises, archetypes and after-postmodern...

     Historical crises are moments for archetype strengths to emerge.
     Archetypes are Jungian concepts that he got from the philosopher Plato about the supposed perfect ideas of things in an ideal world out from this one.
     For Carl Gustav Jung archetypes are psychological potentialities that everyone has to develop and live with building his own self. One common example is “the hero archetype” very studied by the anthropologist Joseph Campbell. Every human culture has heroes that help each one to develop certain characteristics of personality to face the problems of life.
     Since the last period of postmodern era, several people and nations were compelled by the rise of ancient and communal archetypes after the beginning of the most recent “globalization”.
    Nowadays it happens again in different directions and targets. Some nations want to be “more isolated”, some others want to bind to others, and so on…
   In after-postmodern times they are trying to find their own historical and cultural identities, individually and in common with their own people.
     There is no simple answer to this quest…