terça-feira, 24 de janeiro de 2012

malthusian cathastrophe ahead?

Malthusian hypothesis is based in an idea that the population would increase much more than food, and so, the world would enter in a disaster, or mess, or war for food... 
This menace maybe was usefull for postmodern efficiency keeps the steering wheel of the history, but, in true, we know that the population is not growing so fast and that there is enough food in the world for each person. 
The problem is that many have too much and many have too few food and other things.
This is not healthy for anyone.
We need an "individual ecology"...  Each one must be "more natural", more healthy... Our body has not the capacity to carry so many things inside... We don't need to eat so much...
We need a "sustainable individuality"...
Anyway, the malthusian cathastrophe will not happens...

sexta-feira, 20 de janeiro de 2012

Less competition, more cooperation: utopia?

When someone writes about a world with "less competition and more cooperation", we can quickly hear negative commentaries of "dreams" of famous artists and politicians that had or have that kind if "illusion" and that  it is not possible a good international economy without a strong competiton.
We don't want deny that the quality of products can improve if someone needs to make something better than other "competitors".
But there is a key tool that can give a differenciated mesure and conduction on the competitoon: Ethics.
If Ethics is ever ahead of any circunstance, it is a good beginning of more cooperation.
Ethics in a large meaning of the word, including aspects directly correlated to the competitors, but also aspects of respect to human beings, to animals, to nature. 

quinta-feira, 19 de janeiro de 2012

A new crisis?

Some news talk about a possible "new international crisis" in 2012 similar to 2008`s crisis?
In true it is the same crisis in a new step...
It is possible to see it if we understand that the postmodern efficiency cannot be the main paradigm anymore.
The capitalistic competition, as the only way to find welfare, doesn`t work for each person on earth.
At same time the Malthusian idea cannot be the core of development.
At same time that more tham 1 billion people is in misery, there are more than 2 billions in overweight or obesity...
The main problem is not the number of more than 7 billions of population on the earth. One of the problems is the possibility to access resources, vital resources for human beings...

segunda-feira, 16 de janeiro de 2012

"Modern" in 20th century

 In the end of 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century the "Modernist Movement" started in the Arts as a reaction against Realism and what was considered conservative values of that. It was not an exactly return to Romanticism but was, anyway, a look to "abstract" and to what was supposed to be "new". 
Eric Hobsbawm has a concept that the 20th century , in true, started in 1914, with the First World War.
After the Second World War some movements that intended to "surpass" the "Modern" appeared. 
So, between 1914 and 1945 there were not too much time for "modern"...
And the Futurism of that days was maybe a kind of "modernism" that latter walked together with dictatorial ideas... If it was so, Dadaism, that claimed to be against the principles that leaded to War, was, in some level, influenced by Futurism?
In the middle of all that, how was Surrealism and Expressionism situated?
Was Dadaism already a kind of Postmodern Movement? 
Maybe Modern and Postmodern was intertwined in 20th century...

quarta-feira, 11 de janeiro de 2012

New paradigms

Since the book of Thomas Kuhn "The Structure of Scientific Revolutions" (1962-1970) was publicized the word of Greek origin "paradigm" became a kind of keyword for anyone that would like to promote any supposed "change", even in conditions that not would really change, but only because people are all the time looking for some "change for better". Sometimes, main in science, "paradigm" is pointing to a change, other times "paradigm" is just a good advertising word.
In an after-postmodern "paradigm", we can remember the use of this word by Boaventura Souza Santos when he writes about a new paradigm that stablish a relationship between "Subject" and "Subject" instead of a relationship between "Subject" and "Object". That idea brings a more complex and new vision about relationships of human beings and also between humankind and nature, in a way to see that all things are connected in a huge net, and so there are influences from each other. That is different of the supposed influence only from "Subject" to "Object" in the typical "controlling way" of postmodern efficiency.